By Sharon Hays
Hailed as a good good fortune, welfare reform led to a dramatic decline within the welfare rolls--from 4.4 million households in 1996 to two million in 2003. yet what does this "success" seem like to the welfare moms and welfare caseworkers who skilled it? In Flat Broke With Children, Sharon Hays tells us the tale of welfare reform from contained in the welfare workplace and contained in the lives of welfare moms, describing the demanding situations that welfare recipients face in dealing with their paintings, their households, and the foundations and laws of welfare reform.
Welfare reform, skilled at the floor, isn't a rosy photograph. nearly all of grownup welfare consumers are mothers--over ninety percent--and the closing dates imposed by way of welfare reform throw hundreds of thousands of those in general single, determined ladies into the hard work industry, the place they need to settle for low wages, the main menial paintings, the poorest hours, without merits, and little flexibility. Hays offers a vibrant portrait in their lives--debunking some of the stereotypes we've got of welfare recipients--but she additionally steps again to discover what welfare reform unearths in regards to the which means of labor and relations existence in our society. specifically, she argues that an inherent contradiction lies on the middle of welfare coverage, which emphasizes conventional kin values while its ethic of "personal accountability" calls for girls to paintings and go away their childrens in childcare or at domestic on my own all day lengthy.
Hays dedicated 3 years to vacationing welfare consumers and welfare places of work, one in a medium-sized city within the Southeast, one other in a wide, metropolitan sector within the West. Drawing in this hands-on study, Flat Broke With Children is the 1st e-book to discover the influence of welfare reform on motherhood, marriage, and paintings in women's lives, and the 1st publication to provide us a portrait of the way welfare reform performs out in millions of neighborhood welfare workplaces and in thousands of houses around the nation.