Bureaucracy in a Democratic State: A Governance Perspective by Kenneth J. Meier, Laurence J. O'Toole Jr.
By Kenneth J. Meier, Laurence J. O'Toole Jr.
The following, Kenneth J. Meier and Laurence J. O'Toole Jr. current a well timed research of operating democracy, arguing that bureaucracy—often thought of antithetical to primary democratic principles—can really advertise democracy. Drawing from either the empirical paintings of political scientists and the qualitative paintings of public management students, the authors hire a "governance strategy" that considers wide, institutionally complicated structures of governance in addition to the nitty-gritty info of paperwork administration. They learn the result of bureaucratic and political interactions in particular govt settings, in the community and nationally, to figure out no matter if bureaucratic platforms improve or weaken the connections among public personal tastes and real guidelines. They locate that bureaucracies are a part of advanced intergovernmental and interorganizational networks that restrict a unmarried bureaucracy's institutional keep watch over over the implementation of public coverage. extra, they finish that top-down political keep an eye on of forms has simply modest influence at the actions of paperwork within the U.S. and that shared values and commitments to democratic norms, in addition to political keep watch over, produce a paperwork that's aware of the yank humans. (2007)
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Extra info for Bureaucracy in a Democratic State: A Governance Perspective by Meier, Kenneth J., O'Toole Jr., Laurence J.(August 14, 2006) Paperback
Texas is a large, diverse state, and the availability of high-quality and detailed data on many of the most salient issues gives us a chance to make some empirical headway. 18 BUREAUCRACY IN A DEMOCRATIC STATE PLAN OF THE VOLUME Thus far we have framed the subject to be tackled in this book in terms of attention to it by various social sciences and reform perspectives, empirical settings, and dimensions. We have also connected the issue to the contemporary discussion of governance (see the appendix for our formal model of the governance process).
4). As regulatory environments have become more supportive of general consumer advocacy groups, regulatory agencies are buffeted by pressures from both sides; attempts to please the industry bring the ire of consumer groups, attempts to placate consumers bring industry opposition. With such weak overall political support, regulatory agencies 15. We think that regulatory agencies are more “controllable” than distributive agencies but less controllable than redistributive agencies. These are merely hypotheses that need to be empirically veriﬁed.
Unlike the stereotype of private sector organizations, government agencies have multiple goals (Downs 1967; Rainey 2003; Thompson 1967). This feature renders the interaction of political ofﬁcials and bureaucracy more complex, simply because the bureaucracy can respond to political ofﬁcials in terms of one goal while simultaneously moving away from political intent on another. The general issue of political control, therefore, is more complicated than is often apparent. A review of numerous studies of political control shows that a range of bureaucratic activities are examined, each perhaps linked to different goals.