Breathing, Emotion and Evolution, Volume 212 (Progress in by Gert Holstege, Caroline M. Beers, Hari H. Subramanian

By Gert Holstege, Caroline M. Beers, Hari H. Subramanian

Respiration is among the most elementary motor actions the most important for survival of the person. it's less than overall keep watch over of the significant fearful procedure, which adjusts respiration intensity and frequency reckoning on the conditions the person reveals itself. accordingly this quantity not just experiences the elemental keep an eye on structures of respiratory, positioned within the caudal brainstem, but additionally the better mind areas, that vary intensity and frequency of respiratory. clinical wisdom of those platforms is essential for knowing the issues within the many sufferers struggling with respiration failure.

  • This well-established overseas sequence examines significant components of simple and medical examine inside of neuroscience, in addition to rising subfields.

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Additional resources for Breathing, Emotion and Evolution, Volume 212 (Progress in Brain Research)

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J. Neurophysiol. 81, 2026–2036. , 1989. Central respiratory modulation of medullary sympathoexcitatory neurons in rat. Am. J. Physiol. 256, R739–R750. ¨ ber den Einflulb der Atmung auf den Kreislauf. Erste Mitteilung. , 1869. U Atembewegungen der Gefa¨bsysteme. Sitzungsber Akad Wiss PVien Math Naturw. 60, 829–856. , 2003. Neurophysiological analysis of target-related sympathetic pathways–from animal to human: similarities and differences. Acta Physiol. Scand. 177, 255–274. , 1996a. NTS neurons with carotid chemoreceptor inputs arborize in the rostral ventrolateral medulla.

2007. Increased sympathetic activity in rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia. Exp. Physiol. 92, 79–85. , 2008. Increased sympathetic outflow in juvenile rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia correlates with enhanced expiratory activity. J. Physiol. 586, 3253–3265. , 2009a. Sympatheticmediated hypertension of awake juvenile rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia is not linked to baroreflex dysfunction. Exp. Physiol. 94, 972–983. , 2009b. Do changes in the coupling between respiratory and sympathetic activities contribute to neurogenic hypertension?

2008). The coupling of sympathetic and respiratory activities was initially suggested by Traube (1865) and Hering (1869), who reported rhythmical oscillations in arterial pressure correlated with respiration and, consequently we refer to them as Traube– Hering waves (as illustrated in Fig. 1). Later, Adrian et al. (1932) recorded the cervical sympathetic nerve and reported that sympathetic activity displayed rhythmic oscillations entrained with respiration. After these studies, several other investigators confirmed that sympathetic nerves to cardiovascular system exhibit bursts of activity markedly entrained with respiratory activity (Gilbey, 2007; Malpas, 1998).

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