Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom by Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
By Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
Both palms Tied experiences the operating negative within the usa, focusing particularly at the relation among welfare and low-wage gains between operating moms. Grounded within the adventure of thirty-three girls dwelling in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the tale in their fight to stability baby care and wage-earning in poorly paying and sometimes state-funded jobs with rigid schedules—and the moments whilst those jobs failed them and so they became to the nation for extra aid.
Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer the following study the occasions of those ladies in mild of the 1996 nationwide own accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act and different like-minded reforms—laws that ended the entitlement to welfare for these in desire and supplied an incentive for them to come to paintings. Arguing that this reform got here at a time of gendered swap within the exertions strength and profound shifts within the obligations of family members, corporations, and the kingdom, Both palms Tied provides a stark yet poignant portrait of the way welfare reform stricken terrible, single-parent households, finally eroding the members’ financial rights and affecting their skill to take care of themselves and their children.
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Additional resources for Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market
Smith welded undercarriages for nearly every American-made passenger car. ”39 Similarly, Racine was home to S. C. Johnson and Sons, which produced household wax and other chemicals in a sprawling facility whose corporate oΩces were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Other Racine employers included J. I. Case, a heavy equipment manufacturer; Hamilton Beach, which produced small electrical appliances; and Bombardier Motors. One by one, these long-established industries began to lay o∏â†œworkers and shut their doors.
S. national figure. . By 2000 . . 41 W e l fa r e R e f o r m ’ s C o n t e x t â•… 37 While chronicling manufacturing decline and its e∏ects on workers, these media reports spent little time exploring a contemporaneous pattern ofâ†œ service sector growth, tied to a reconfiguration ofâ†œ the norms ofâ†œ social reproduction. Stable, lifelong blue-collar jobs were disappearing, but new jobs were being created. 42 Families began to purchase more restaurant meals and take-out dinners, and more care for children and the elderly.
S. cities in low-wage job growth between 1970 and 1990. S. 45 A review ofâ†œ the top ten firms in the Milwaukee area in 1970 and in 2004 reflects these national trends (see appendix D). All ofâ†œ Milwaukee’s top employers in 1970 were manufacturers or brewers. In contrast, in 2004 the top ten all provided services; four were in health services and two in retail. These firms o∏ered mostly low-end, labor-intensive service sector jobs—positions that were far more likely to be filled by women. 46 As southeastern Wisconsin shifted from an industrial to a service sector base, labor market opportunities for men—and particularly less-educated men—saw a steep decline, while those for women increased.