Blame Welfare, Ignore Poverty and Inequality by Joel F. Handler

By Joel F. Handler

With the passage of the 1996 welfare reform, not just welfare, yet poverty and inequality have disappeared from the political discourse. The decline within the welfare rolls has been hailed as a hit. This ebook demanding situations that assumption. It argues that whereas many unmarried moms left welfare, they've got joined the operating negative, and fail to make an honest residing. The ebook examines the chronic demonization of bad single-mother households; the effect of the low-wage industry on perpetuating poverty and inequality; and the position of the welfare paperwork in defining deserving and unfit bad. It argues that the emphasis on kin values - marriage advertising, intercourse schooling and abstinence - is inaccurate and diverts consciousness from the industrial hardships low-income households face. The booklet proposes an alternate method of lowering poverty and inequality that facilities on a kid's allowance as uncomplicated source of revenue help coupled with jobs and common baby care.

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Levy (1998), p. 99. 18:14 P1: KAE 0521870356c02a CUFX067/Handler 36 printer: cupusbw 0 521 87035 6 September 24, 2006 Blame Welfare, Ignore Poverty and Inequality (aged 18 to 24) were in prison, as compared with 120,000 non-Hispanic white men and 90,000 Hispanics of the same age. , welfare recipients, GEDs, long-term unemployed) than ex-offenders. The negative effects of an ex-offender status reinforce assumptions about African American men. 89 The decline in the employment rates of young, less-educated African American men (16–24) has continued.

This has been the leitmotif of defining and measuring poverty ever since. 13 In the 1960s, the poverty threshold stood for about half of the median income for a family of four. 15 The poverty threshold was institutionalized as the official poverty measure in the United States when the Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget, or OMB) adopted it in 1969. It cannot be changed without OMB’s approval. 17 Some of these include (1) changes in consumption patterns, especially the increase in expenditures on nonfood items such as housing; (2) changes in family composition, particularly the rise of single-parent households; (3) increased participation of women in the labor force and the added expenditures of their employment such as child care; (4) increase in the tax burden on low-income persons; (5) the rise of out-of-pocket medical expenses; (6) geographic differences in cost of living; (7) provision of in-kind benefits such as food stamps; and (8) the expansion of the EITC to low-income families.

F. Citro & R. T. Michael, Eds. (1995). Measuring Poverty: A New Approach. : National Academy Press, p. 24. H. Glennerster (2002). ” Social Service Review 79: 83–107. Ibid. M. R. Rank (2004). One Nation, Underprivileged: Why American Poverty Affects Us All. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, p. 24. Glennerster (2002), p. 87. This measure has the disadvantage of underestimating the number of poor people at times of sustained economic recessions when the median income falls. , p. 87. Citro & Michael (1995).

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