Beyond Scepticism and Realism: A Constructive Exploration of by Ervin Laszlo (auth.)

By Ervin Laszlo (auth.)

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Extra resources for Beyond Scepticism and Realism: A Constructive Exploration of Husserlian and Whiteheadian Methods of Inquiry, 1st Edition

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No less than by Whitehead, to lie in the assumption that the analysis of perceptual judgments must furnish evidence of the existence of physkal reality through the interconnection of the experience of the particular with the existence of the whole. The goal is the same; the approach is from opposite ends. The result is mutually exclusive universes of meaning. I have emphasized that the root-axiom of Husser! is 'consciousness' while that of Whitehead is 'being'. I have also presented evidence to the effect that each thinker considers his own root-axiom sufficient to delve into the realm of the other, and thus to reduce notions of being and notions entailed by notions of being ('physical facts') to notions of consciousness and notions entailed by notions of consciousness ('epistemic facts').

2 He condemns the type of epistemological construction in which Husserl engages as an "attitude of strained attention". While he does not explicitly refer to Husserl, the assertion that in such attitude "the data are the patterns of sensa provided by the sense organs (which} is the sensationalist doctrine of Locke and Hume" and the subsequent inclusion of Kant into this category with the reservation that for him the "data are somewhat narrower than for Hume: they are the sensa devoid of their patterns" 3leaves no doubt that the kind of transcendental philosophy which has arisen in Germany in the rgth century, and which has influenced Husserl through Brentano, would also come under the heading of the attitude of 'strained attention'.

The pessimistic assessment of the problem is based on the theory of meaning according to which words are labels for things and events. As labels for physical and epistemic facts the terms used by the sceptic and the realist are mutually exclusive: their basic assumptions preclude the legitimacy of reductionist cross-inferences between the referents of their terms. But the pessimistic evaluation of the problem does not take into account the theory of 'meaning-as-use' of terms within given propositions.

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