Atlas of Plastics Additives: Analysis by Spectrometric by Dietrich O. Hummel
By Dietrich O. Hummel
A needs to for specialists in undefined, this ebook describes the applying of vibrational (FTIR, UV, Raman) and mass spectrometries and different instrumental recommendations for identity and constitution elucidation of plastics ingredients. a number of tables and figures compress the cutting-edge.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Plastics Additives: Analysis by Spectrometric Methods
Separation is done by a centrifuge, the solution is evaporated in a Petri dish. Some of the concentrated solution is distributed with a glass rod onto a pre-warmed KBr disk; care has to be taken that the solution does not collect as a ring at the edge of the disk. After drying in vacuo, the binder is identified by its IR spectrum. Most organic pigments dissolve in cone. H2SO4; carbonates (evolution of CO2) and some oxides will dissolve too. Most of the inorganics (sulfates, silicates, others) will stay undissolved; separation can be done by a sintered frit.
1110 m-s 1728 o-phthalates V(C=O) VS 1600/1580 v(ring) W 1287 vas(C-0-C0) S-VS 1123 m 1074 m VS ca. 1733 V(C=O) isophthalates w-m sh 1610 v(ring) m-sbr ca. 1300 sbr 1235-1230 vas(C-0-C0) m-s 1095-1075 s sh 730 Y(ring-H) 1720 S-VS V(C=O) terephthalates ca. 1575 w-m v(ring) ca. 1410 S 1265/1245 VS vas(C-O-CO) 1120/1100 VS S Y(ring-H) 725 w-m 505 Y(ring) trimellitates 1730 VS V(C=O) 1600/1570 w-m v(ring) 1280 S vas(C-0-C0) 1240 VS 1115 S Intensif. by conjugation Isolated Shoulder Isolated -CH=CH-CH=CHThree conjugated -CH=CH- Double band Broader than neighbour ring vibrations All bands are rather constant and broader than neighb.
J. Eichhorn and D. Fischer, IPF Dresden) system. Tetramethylthiuramdisulfide (vulcanisation accelerator) is a colourless solid. Its RS (Fig. 5) shows V8(CH3) as second-strongest band (2927 cm"1); in the IRS, this is weak. v(C=S), in the IRS (1500 cm"1), is very strong; in the RS, it is weak (1463 cm"1) or inactive. Here 973 cm"1 is active in both IR and Raman (9 CH3, v C-S). The strongest band in the RS (559 cm"1) is active also in the IR (563 cm"1, medium). Thus, v(S-S) as an assignment is unlikely; Q(C=S) is more likely.