Asymmetric Events (Converging Evidence in Language and by Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk

The publication introduces the idea that of uneven occasions, an incredible thought in language and cognition, which, for the 1st time in linguistic literature, is pointed out in a extra systematic manner and analyzed in a few varied languages, together with typologically or genetically unrelated ones. uneven occasions are or extra occasions of unequal prestige in an utterance and papers within the quantity current ways that a linguistic description of major occasions in a sentence is diverse (morphologically, syntactically, discursively) from an outline of backgrounded events.The prototypical asymmetries concerning belief, cognition, and language are pointed out in subordination, nominalization and amendment of assorted varieties yet they expand to coordinate buildings, serial verbs, spatial language and viewing association, in addition to half - entire relatives. the point of view is largely cognitive and sensible, the authors use various although complementing methodologies, a few contain corpus information, and the asymmetries are proven to have numerous stylistic and ideological implications.An in-depth research of manifold asymmetries in constitution and serve as of numerous languages makes this quantity of curiosity to linguists of alternative persuasion, philosophers, cognitive researchers, discourse analysts and scholars of language and cognition.

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Example text

I have represented all this diagrammatically in Figure 11. The speaker’s position in the role of a subjectively construed non-focal point of reference is indicated by the circle labeled “V = R” at the upper left of the diagram. The speaker’s line of sight is indicated by a broken arrow, which here represents visual perception. The speaker’s position is also shown to be anchored in the conceptualization of the locative prefix an- ‘at the top of ’, indicated by the label an- in this diagram. The placement of the label kaabout halfway along the path of visual perception is intended to convey the idea that the directionality of the path is more salient to this usage than is the strictly locative sense of ka-.

As suggested by the label on the circle, this broad area subtends the neigborhood of the Locative Reference Point ‘LR’, whereas the postion of the conceptualizer, who is the default point of reference (C = R) for the relationship, is shown as being on the margin of the viewing arrangement. The neighborhood of ‘LR’ is the inner circle, which in turn has its neighborhood subsumed by the MEDIAL distance region. This divides the area of immediate scope into ‘near’ and ‘far’ regions vis à vis the Reference entity.

The use of an- in this expression does not match that of the previous example since it does not indicate the speaker’s vantagepoint. This unpredictability arises directly from the conventionalization of the usages of the Cora locative prefix sequences (Casad 1988). Often, possibly more often than not, the semantics of a locative prefix sequence is only partly determined by its 7. For the relevance of terminal points in visual theory, see Marr (1982:71) Asymmetries for locating events with Cora spatial language  morphemic composition and the semantics of the overall construction reflects a variety of emergent properties.

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