ASM Handbook: Volume 13B: Corrosion: Materials by Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino

By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino

This 700-page ASM guide is constructed from forty eight peer-reviewed articles on how metals and nonmetals are effected through a number of elements.
The significant components coated contain ferrous and nonferrous metals: processed fabrics, and clad metals; specific items, together with amorphous fabrics, intermatllics, and steel matrix composites; and on metallics, together with ceramics, concrete, coatings, composites and elastomers. additionally it is a piece of writing at the worldwide expense of corrosion and a full-color gallery of corrosion harm.

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Extra resources for ASM Handbook: Volume 13B: Corrosion: Materials

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Phelps, Corrosion Performance of Constructional Steels in Marine Applications, J. R. L. S. G. G. , Wrightsville Beach, NC, June 1983 H. Endo and S. Morioka, “Dissolution Phenomenon of Copper-Containing Steels in 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. W. H. Phelps, Corrosion, Vol 18 (No. C. E. Wilde, Corrosion, Vol 29 (No. C. E. W. Staehle, Corrosion, Vol 32 (No. 4), 1976, p 139–142 T. Kawamoto, T. Kenjo, and Y. Imasaka, IHI Eng. , Vol 10 (No. F. T. Hill, “SCC Susceptibility of High-Strength Steels in Liquid Ammonia at Low Temperatures,” Paper 225, presented at Corrosion/78, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1978 K.

8 mil) thick. The mill scale is predominantly wustite (FeO) and magnetite (Fe3O4) with some quantity of hematite (a-Fe2O3). However, wustite is thermodynamically unstable at room temperature and quickly reacts with oxygen in the atmosphere to form maghemite and more magnetite. When water is present, lepidocrocite [c-FeO(OH)] also forms. The relative amounts and the crystal size distribution of these compounds depend on the kinetics of the chemical reactions, which, in turn, depend principally on the environmental conditions but also on the steel composition.

Corrosion on water wall, superheater, or reheater tubes results from fuel ash deposits at higher temperatures. In these situations, the corrosive nature of fossil fuels varies considerably with the chemical composition of the fuel. It should be noted that many fuels Corrosion of the ductwork is a lowtemperature attack that results mainly from acid condensation. Prevention of this corrosion depends primarily on maintaining flue gas temperatures and metal surface temperatures above acid dewpoints.

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