Articular cartilage tissue engineering by K A Athanasiou; Eric M Darling; Jerry C Hu

By K A Athanasiou; Eric M Darling; Jerry C Hu

Show description

Read or Download Articular cartilage tissue engineering PDF

Similar physiology books

Kaplan Medical USMLE Step 1 Lecture Notes: Physiology (2013)

Those are Adobe Clearscan PDF records generated from six hundred dpi scans of the Kaplan USMLE Step 1 Lecture Notes which have been allotted to scholars in Kaplan clinical prep classes in 2014.

The following preface references 7 volumes. This comprises purely the body structure volume.

These 7 volumes of Lecture Notes symbolize the most-likely-to-be-tested fabric at the present USMLE Step 1 examination. Please word that those are Lecture Notes, now not evaluation books. The Notes have been designed to be observed by way of school lectures­ reside, on video, or on the internet. studying them with out getting access to the accompanying lectures isn't a great way to study for the USMLE.

To maximize the effectiveness of those Notes, annotate them as you hearken to lec­tures. To facilitate this procedure, we've created large, clean margins. whereas those margins are sometimes punctuated by means of college high-yield "margin notes:' they're, for the main half, left clean in your notations.

Many scholars locate that previewing the Notes sooner than the lecture is a truly effec­tive strategy to arrange for sophistication. this lets you expect the components the place you'll have to pay specific consciousness. It additionally provides you the chance to map out how the data goes to be awarded and what kind of research aids (charts, diagrams, and so on. ) you should upload. This method works whether you're attending a dwell lecture or observing one on video or the web.

Finally, we wish to listen what you're thinking that. What do you love concerning the Notes? What can be stronger? Please percentage your suggestions via e-mailing us at med. suggestions@ kaplan. com.

Thank you for becoming a member of Kaplan clinical, and better of success in your Step 1 exam!

Kaplan clinical

Physiology Third Edition With Access

That includes a spotlight on mechanisms, this well known reference comprehensively covers very important thoughts in body structure, either on the organ procedure and mobile degrees. effortless to learn and basic, the revised 3rd variation stresses crucial and correct content material with absolute readability and comprises concise step by step motives complemented through various tables and ample illustrations.

The Influence of Ocular Light Perception on Metabolism in Man and in Animal, 1st Edition

This publication used to be written to teach that mild is a primal component of lifestyles. All lifestyles originates and develops less than the effect of the sunshine of the sunlight, that "super­ terrestrial usual strength" (Goethe). solar impacts the important procedures now not onlyofthe plant (e. g. , heliotropism, photosynthesis) and the animal (e.

Human Physiology, Biochemistry and Basic Medicine

Human body structure, Biochemistry and simple drugs is a distinct point of view that pulls jointly human biology, body structure, biochemistry, meals, and telephone biology in a single entire quantity. during this approach, it really is uniquely certified to deal with the desires of the rising box of humanology, a holistic method of figuring out the biology of people and the way they're unusual from different animals.

Extra resources for Articular cartilage tissue engineering

Example text

Many in vitro studies have manipulated the molecular players highlighted above to promote the accumulation of cartilage-specific matrix, both for developmental studies and for tissue engineering. As TGF-β1, β2, and β3 have been observed during differentiation in vitro [121], their efficacy has been examined in enhancing matrix production. The same is true for the BMPs. TGF-β has been shown as effective on cells that have not yet condensed while BMP-2 achieves similar effects after the cells have condensed or differentiated [121].

The tensile stresses generated were within the range of reported tensile strength of collagen fibers, showing that failure of collagen could lead to surface fissuring. This was not the case for slowly applied loads. In another study [256], mediators of collagen damage due to mechanical injury were investigated in a fibril-reinforced poroviscoelastic model of articular cartilage. The results from investigations of surface fissuring implicate collagen as having a key role in keeping the surface intact when subjected to injurious mechanical loading.

During normal activities, like running, time to peak force is on the order of 30 ms, leading to a stress rate of 100 MPa/s. One can expect that impact injuries occur on a time scale an order of magnitude smaller, resulting in stress rates of 1000 MPa/s. Based on data such as these, Aspden and associates [179] put forth a definition for injurious impact loading as time to peak load on the order of milliseconds plus one of the following: (1) stress rate greater than 1000 MPa/s, (2) strain rate greater than 500 s−1 , or (3) loading rates in excess of 100 kN/s.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.07 of 5 – based on 38 votes