Arda Philology 2 Arda philology (Том 2) by Beregond, Anders Stenström

By Beregond, Anders Stenström

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In regions where the [c ɟ] pronunciations are standard, there is often a slight affricatization occurring before any stressed vowel: [cç ɟʝ]. Word-finally, [c] is still the preferred realization, although it is very common for the preceding vowel to acquire a slight offglide: /ac aɟ/ [a(ɪ̯ )c a(ɪ̯ )c]. In [kʲ gʲ] regions, the palatalization is completely lost and the glide is mandatory: /ac aɟ/ [aɪ̯ k aɪ̯ k]. 3 Fricatives Novegradian has a total of nine fricative consonants: /β s z sʲ zʲ x γ/. However, their distribution is asymmetric and many have a relatively complex system of allophones that overlap with other phonemes.

At the beginning of a word and after another vowel they are pronounced [je jæ], and after a dental or velar consonant they palatalize the consonant as described earlier. Only after the non-palatalizable consonants, such as the labials, are they just pronounced /e æ/ without any palatal element. У is used to represent both the vowel /u/ and the semivowel /w/, including in diphthongs. Normally there is little confusion as to which pronunciation is intended, but if there is, the variant form Ў may be used to represent /w/.

A common example of this is the confusion of when to use Ч and Ц, whose sounds had merged in early Novegradian; many people avoided the issue by writing Џ instead, halfway between the two characters! The Slavonic orthography also made heavy use of diacritics to indicate stress, palatalizations, and sometimes nothing at all, again the result of polytonic Greek orthography being imported wholesale into a language that had no need for it. The Slavonic period did feature a few significant breaks from the Slavonic standard seen through the rest of Rus’, however.

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