Advances in Clinical Child Psychology by Jacob O. Sines (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin

By Jacob O. Sines (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin (eds.)

Advances in scientific baby Psychology is a serial booklet designed to compile unique summaries of crucial new improve­ ments within the box of medical psychology and its comparable disciplines. each one bankruptcy is written via a key determine in an leading edge quarter of analysis or via someone who's fairly good certified to touch upon a subject of significant modern significance. those chapters offer handy, concise explorations of empirical and scientific advances within the fields of medical baby psychology, baby psychiatry, and similar disciplines. The bankruptcy issues are selected via the editors and are in line with sug­ gestions by means of the advisory editors, unsolicited feedback supplied by way of colleagues, and all of our examining of the newest released empirical and theoretical works. They mirror our collective notion of the best tendencies within the box of medical baby psychology. The contents of quantity 10 replicate a number of subject matters. chapters concentrate on assorted facets of the kid's family members: the house and kinfolk surroundings linked to youth psychopathology and the features of oldsters whose parenting has turn into twisted into the abuse or forget in their personal young children. the foremost themes of aggression and stealing are handled in chapters, and 5 chapters take care of the range of themes that have been previously below the umbrella proposal of minimum mind dysfunction.

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1976), and Oster (1972) noted that a number of his children with functional pain were from broken homes. Although these reports indicate that the relation of marital conflict to children's functional pain deserves more systematic study, the data now available do not warrant any conclusion about a causal relation between them. Hodges et al. (1984) gave each child a 35-item version of the Life Events Scale for Children (LESC) developed by Coddington (1972a, b) to determine whether the child had experienced any of several life events during the past year.

These variables figure prominently in most of the rest of the literature on environmental correlates of depression in children and will be considered individually. The authors also expressed a common point of view concerning the causal significance of these environmental factors for children's depression 26 JACOB O. SINES when they wrote "The nature of the psychopathology in the families of these children was a highly revealing source of each child's difficulty" (pp. 13-14). In their review of the literature, Orvaschel, Weissman, and Kidd (1980) pointed out that although early parental loss is frequently associated with depression in children, not all investigators agree.

2. Are These Factors Selectively Related to Depression? Studies that have included appropriate comparison groups or have examined the correlations between family environmental conditions and dysfunctional behaviors other than depression are unanimous in finding none of these family environmental factors to be uniquely or selectively INFLUENCE OF THE HOME AND FAMIL Y ENVIRONMENT 33 related to depression in children. This has been expressed most clearly by Kovacs et al. (1984): Although this result is not entirely unexpected, it contradicts theoretically and empirically based suggestions that interpersonal trauma and rejection are specific to the etiology of depressive syndromes.

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