Adaptation, Poverty and Development: The Dynamics of by David Alexander Clark (eds.)
By David Alexander Clark (eds.)
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Extra info for Adaptation, Poverty and Development: The Dynamics of Subjective Well-Being
These include ‘manipulation’ – where a person’s preferences are formed with a view to benefiting others (Elster, 1983, p. 117) – since in the case of adaptive preferences the process of preference formation (apparently) benefits the person ‘adapting’. He also distinguishes it from the case of ‘addiction’ where ‘people get hooked on certain goods, which they then consume compulsively’ (Elster, 1983, p. 120). The implication of adaptive preferences for utilitarianism is easy to see. As Elster puts it, in the case of sour grapes ‘there would be no welfare loss if the fox were excluded from the consumption of the grapes, since he thought them sour anyway’ (Elster, 1983, p.
And Mitchell, T. (eds) (2008), ‘Poverty in a changing climate’, IDS Bulletin, 39(4): 1–144. Teschl, M. and Comim, F. (2005), ‘Adaptive preferences and capabilities: Some preliminary conceptual explorations’, Review of Social Economyy, 63(2): 229–47. org/en/ldc/ (originally accessed on 12 June 2011). Veenhoven, R. ’, Social Indicators Research, 24(1): 1–34. Veenhoven, R. (1993), Happiness in Nations: Subjective Appreciation of Life in 56 Nations: 1946–1992, Rotterdam: Risbo. Welzer, C. and Inglehart, R.
114). 8. The adaptable livelihood framework is described in the appendix. 9. For further discussion of these theories and a critical assessment in the light of available evidence see Diener and Oishi (2000). 10. The correlation is slightly higher in poor countries, indicating that income has a greater effect on life satisfaction. Studies also indicate that the correlation between income and happiness is much higher across countries than within countries, which is partly a statistical artefact (see Diener and Oishi, 2000, pp.