Abortion: Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World by Rita J. Simon

By Rita J. Simon

Abortion is without doubt one of the so much compelling public coverage concerns dealing with govt and the general public within the usa at the present time. such a lot societies have enacted legislation and statutes relating to abortion, and so much societies have powerful emotions concerning contraception and abortion. however the felony statutes and attitudes persist with markedly various techniques. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese eu international locations, center jap, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, in addition to Australia.

After a short ancient advent, Simon examines the felony statutes touching on abortion within the chosen nations after which studies public attitudes towards abortion in line with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes by means of discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes referring to abortion and the international locations' guidelines vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants development and keep watch over. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that may study significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative process. every one will function a guide for college students, researchers, and students, containing easy empirical information and entire references at the social factor or perform lower than examination.

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Additional info for Abortion: Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over (History; 62)

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2 per 1000 women of child bearing age. 1 (continued) To save the woman's life To preserve physical health To preserve mental health Rape or incest Fetal impairment Economic or social reasons On request X X X - ~ " - " " " - Southern Africa Botswana X X Lesotho X - Namibia X X ! 1 (continued) To save the woman's life To preserve physical health Malaysia X X Myanmar X 1 1 To preserve mental health Rape or incest Fetal impairment Economic or social reasons x - X -- - ~ - x X - On request 1 1 ~ ! - X X X X X Thailand X X - X X - - Vietnam X X X X X X X Afghanistan X - -- - X - - Bangladesh X X X - 1 Philippines Singapore [ i - South Central Asia Bhutan - - India X X Iran X i 1 - - - Kazakhstan X X X X X X X Kyrgyzstan X X X X X X X Maldives X X I 1 1 - - - - - - Nepal Pakistan !

4 per 1000 women 15 to 44 years old. Abortion was first legalized in 1957. Current law, passed in J a n u a r y 1990, allows abortion on request and removed restrictions on the sale and importation of contraceptives. In the mid 1980s, Romania introduced a campaign to increase the birth rate and to restrict abortions. For example, a decree passed in December 1985 stated that to qualify for an abortion, a woman must have given birth to a minimum of five children t h a t were currently under her care.

The abortion must be performed in an approved hospital by a registered physician and with the consent of the pregnant woman. Any person administering a poison or other noxious substance to a woman or using any instruments or other means to cause an abortion is guilty of an offense and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, regardless of whether the woman is pregnant or has given her consent. • Abortion • 28 Kenya Kenya permits abortion only if the mother's life is in danger.

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