A treatise on phonology: comprising a perfect alphabet for by Andrew Comstock, Benn Pitman, John M'Lean (M.D.)

By Andrew Comstock, Benn Pitman, John M'Lean (M.D.)

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Additional info for A treatise on phonology: comprising a perfect alphabet for the English language; a specimen exhibition of the absurdities of our present system of orthography; Comstock's, Pitman's, and the Cincinnati alphabet, contrasted; a lecture on phonetics, by Prof.

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Nor do children use hints as often as adults. 5 Variation in Relation to Goal The addressee as a social factor affecting the choice of request forms has been much examined, as documented above, but there are other factors that have been only rarely investigated. Goals, though they are an important variable when accounting for variation in request strategies, are an example. In their study of request behaviour in Hebrew, BlumKulka et al. (1985) selected the variables of sex, age of addressee, power relationship, social distance or familiarity, request goal, setting, and communication medium; and found that the three most important factors affecting the choice of request strategies are the type of request goal, the age of the addressee, and the power of the speaker relative to the addressee.

The names of the peer interlocutors have been changed for reasons of privacy. 3. There were 43 sessions for analysis but two of these, those recorded in the 6th week, were 30 minutes long and were, therefore, analysed as one recording. All the other sessions were about one hour in length. 4. The first recording was made in the second week of Yao’s residence in Australia with Hannah. However, since this session was only 15 minutes long, while the others were approximately one hour, it was omitted in order to maintain consistency in the recorded data.

1985) compared children and adults in their use of request forms and politeness in a variety of situations. Their subjects were 60 first-grade children and 60 university students. Both groups were presented with short stories and asked to supply requests that could be made by the story characters. Half of the stories presented situations where speakers were of higher rank than their addressees and were expected to use imperatives. The other half contained situations Chapter 2 20/12/02 24 12:33 pm Page 24 Learning to Request in a Second Language where speakers were of lower rank and were expected to use nonimperatives, particularly embedded requests.

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