A Glossary of Political Theory by John Hoffman

By John Hoffman

This e-book covers alphabetically either the key techniques in political conception and the foremost writers within the box. whereas making sure accuracy and objectivity, the entries symbolize interpretations which are either difficult and fascinating. the idea underlying the e-book is that politics can't be studied with no concept, within which case the extra concrete and proper the idea, the higher. offering conception in an summary style makes it daunting for college kids who can locate it tough to determine the hyperlinks among conception and perform. The definitions during this word list for that reason relate political principles to political realities (i.e. daily controversies) in an try and cause them to as vigorous, stimulating and obtainable as attainable. phrases are chosen dependent upon the thoughts so much frequently utilized in educating.

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Coercion cannot exist without force, even though it is not synonymous with it. See also: force, Marx, Mill Further reading: Hoffman 1995 Collingwood, R(obin) G(eorge) (1889–1943) Born in Lancashire. He became a fellow of Pembroke College in 1912, and Professor of Metaphysical Philosophy in 1935. In his Speculum Mentis, which he published in 1926, he sees art, religion, science, history and philosophy as an ascending order of knowledge – each building on its successor. In his Essay on Philosophical Method in 1933 he M537 - HOFFMAN TXT M_UP 28 13/12/06 1:22 PM Page 28 Gary Gary's G4:Users:Gary: POLITICAL THEORY A–Z presents this as a dialectical process stressing that history, rather than nature, influences philosophy.

Further reading: Hughes 2002 division A conflict between parties – whether they are individuals or groups – that cannot be resolved without the use of force. It is not simply that there is a distinction involved: it is that the people or groups cannot change places or empathise with the other’s position. Hence when divisions occur, states are directly or indirectly involved, since in these circumstances a conflict cannot be addressed through negotiation, arbitration or compromise. Further reading: Hoffman 2004 Dworkin, Andrea (1946–2005) Born in Camden, New Jersey, and educated at Bennington College.

They view with alarm the tendency to retreat from political and social involvement into privatised worlds in which people act simply as consumers. Communitarians are aware that elevating the community may generate a regime that imprisons rather than empowers the individual. Order and autonomy, they contend, should nourish one another, so that individuals become more able to govern their own lives when consciously participating in communities. It is important to see communities, they argue, in the plural.

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