A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias by Aaron D. Rubin

By Aaron D. Rubin

With a written heritage of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. renowned family members contain Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an outline of this crucial language family members, together with either old and sleek languages. After a short creation to the background of the kin and its inner category, next chapters conceal issues in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.

Each bankruptcy describes positive aspects which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to the various extra outstanding advancements that happen within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluate and an outline of extra designated gains. The chapters include plentiful examples from various languages. all of the examples contain morpheme through morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the publication is a close consultant to additional studying, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.

This short creation encompasses a wealthy number of info, and covers issues now not typically present in brief sketches reminiscent of this. The readability of presentation makes it beneficial not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit whatever approximately this significant language relatives.

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Blau, Joshua. 1 966--67. A Grammar of Christian Arabic Based Mainly on South-Palestinian Texts from the First Millennium. 3 vols. Leuven: Peeters. 1988. Studies in Middle Arabic and Its Judaeo-Arabi c Vari­ ety. Jerusalem: Magnes. ' 1999. The Emergence and Linguistic Background of Judaeo­ ArabIC. 3d edn. Jerusalem: Ben Zvi Institute. Brock, Sebastian P. 2001. The Hidden Pear� The Syrian Orthodox Church and Its Ancient Aramaic Heritage. 3 vols. K. Taylor. Rome: Trans World Films Italia. ' 2006. An Introduction to Syriac Studies.

7), we cannot know for sure whether an original existential developed into a verb of posses­ sion in Akkadian, or whether a verb of possession developed into an existential in some West Semitic languages, since both scenarios are easily conceivable. Regardless, the West Semitic languages make use of various phrasal constructions to express the equivalent of 'have'. These constructions normally contain a stituent. The result is that interrogatives III Egypllan Arablc­ usually standing for direct objects, indirect objects, or adverbial clauses-are often phrase-final (88-89).

Rubin 2010b) 4 . 1 0 RELATIVE CLAUSES In Proto-Semitic, relative clauses could be asyndetic, in which case the antecedent was in the construct state, or syndetic, in which case the antecedent was followed by a determinative­ relative pronoun that declined for gender, number, and case. 3) and in Sayhadic, with vestiges in Ge'ez, Hebrew, and elsewhere. , a single frozen form survives). ' (Deu!. 1 :1 ) Relative clauses in Arabic exhibit some interesting syntactic restrictions. The relative pronoun itself, which in the Classical and Modem Standard varieties declines for gender and number (and in the dual, also for case), is an Arabic innovation; the in­ herited Proto-Semitic forms survive in Arabic only as a determi­ native pronoun ('the one of).

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